Life can be difficult, particularly for adolescents
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 Life can be difficult, particularly for adolescents. Many young people get through the troubled years of adolescence and emerge into adulthood reasonably safe and sound. Too many youngsters, however, feel confused and ignored. Unable to climb out of the dilemma, these youngsters are socially and emotionally “at-risk”. They may suffer from such painful symptoms as anxiety, depression or anger.

 
Many parents, in an honest attempt to help their adolescent from emotionally drowning, seek professional treatment. They put a great deal of faith in professional clinicians to find a way out for their child. However, many of these parents begin to recognize that solving the problem is more complex than they had initially realized. It has been my clinical experience that some parents who bring their resistant youngster for treatment see their child as being solely responsible for the problem. In many cases, the adolescent feels angry and defective for being pushed into treatment.
 
We can gain some insight if we look at things through the eyes of the adolescent. The child is usually reluctantly brought by the parents to clinicians as what I call the “identified patient”. The youngster waits anxiously as the parents lay out the problem with the clinicians with remarks such as, “I don’t know what’s happening to my child lately, but he’s not his old self. He doesn’t listen to me anymore, has been getting failing grades, acts out at school, and stays in his room all the time.’’ Such descriptions at the beginning of treatment by the parents may strengthen feelings of incompetence on the part of the child. Such a pattern at the beginning sets up an intention of resistance and leaves the potential for a positive outcome at risk.
 
What many parents fail to realize is that the adolescent’s problem serves as a symbol for what is happening within the family system. Unknowingly, a youngster may become rebellious or depressed as a way of attempting to calm the psychic pain experienced by his family. To some degree, the child’s behavioral problems represent an effort to distract attention away from the unstable state within his family. In such cases it represents a courageous attempt by the teen to minimize home-related problems. Eventually the problems become too troublesome for the child and he continues to sacrifice himself for the sake of the family. Many times youngsters go to clinicians in the hope that treatment will aid in healing the entire family system.
 
In my clinical experience, I have found that the troubled adolescent is more likely to find emotional healing if the parents are actively involved in the treatment process. In such cases where family members are involved in treatment, the adolescent’s expectation for change tends to improve. With parental involvement, the teen begins to feel more competent, as other family members take the risk to explore difficult family issues.
 
67. From the first paragraph, we can learn youngsters probably find adolescence       .
 
A. particularly colorful and meaningful B. full of various dangers and risks
 
C. especially difficult to get through D. filled with anxiety and depression
 
68. What causes a child to resist treatment when brought to clinicians?
 
A. The child’s increased feelings of incompetence.
 
B. Parents’ reluctantly bringing a child to clinicians.
 
C. The parents’ initial descriptions of the child’s problems.
 
D. The parents’ looking at things through the child’s eyes.
 
69. Which of the following is NOT parents’ misunderstanding?
 
A. Only their child is to blame for the problem.
 
B. Their child is concerned about family harmony
 
C. Their troubled adolescent is a “identified patient”
 
D. Solely pushing their child into treatment is the best way out
 
70. Young people will feel competent when        .
 
A. recognizing their problems             B. finding short cuts to treat their problems
 
C. brought to a more experienced clinician   D. supported by their parents in treatment
 
 
 
英语阅读答案
 
67-70 CABD
 
    生活可以是困难的,特别是对青少年的。许多年轻人度过青春期困扰多年,进入成年期的合理的安全和健康。太多的年轻人,然而,感到困惑和忽视。无法摆脱的困境,这些年轻人的社会性和情感上的“危险”。他们可能遭受焦虑等痛苦的症状,抑郁和愤怒。
    许多父母,在帮助他们的青少年情绪淹没了努力,寻求专业治疗。他们把大量的专业临床医师信心找到出路的孩子。然而,这些父母开始意识到解决问题比他们已经初步实现了更复杂的。这一直是我的临床经验,一些家长把他们的小孩治疗耐药看到他们的孩子是完全负责的问题。在许多情况下,青少年感到被迫处理愤怒和缺陷。
    如果我们看的东西通过青少年的眼睛洞察。孩子通常是不情愿地由家长带到医生为我所说的“患者”。他急切地等待父母奠定了的言论,如临床医生的问题,“我不知道发生了什么给我的孩子最近的,但他不是原来的他。他不听我的话了,已经越来越不及格,表现了在学校,和呆在他的房间里。”这样的描述的父母开始治疗可以增强部分孩子的无能的感觉。这种模式在开始设置电阻的意图和叶的潜在风险有一个积极的结果。
    许多家长没有意识到的是,青少年的问题是什么是家庭系统内发生的象征。不知不觉中,一个年轻人可能成为叛逆或作为一种试图平静的家庭经历了精神痛苦沮丧。在某种程度上,儿童的行为问题是为了分散人们的注意力从在他的家庭不稳定状态。在这种情况下,它代表了一个大胆的尝试,以尽量减少由青少年家庭相关的问题。最终,问题变得太麻烦的孩子,他继续牺牲自己为了家庭。很多年轻人去在希望的治疗会帮助愈合的整个家庭系统的临床医生。
    在我的临床经验,我发现,如果父母都积极参与,在治疗的过程中陷入困境的青少年更容易寻找情绪疗愈。在这样的情况下,家族成员参与处理,改变青少年的期望趋于完善。与家长的参与,青少年开始感到更能干,为其他家庭成员冒险探索困难的家庭问题。