It is said that a great many things about languages are mysterious
2014-11-25 21:21:55 A | A

 It is said that a great many things about languages are mysterious, and many will always be so. But some things we do know.

Firstly, we know that all human beings have a language of some kind. There is no race of men anywhere on earth so backward that it has no language, no set of speech sounds by which the people communicate with one another. In historical times, there has never been a race of men without a language.
Secondly, there is no such thing as a primitive language. There are many people whose cultures are underdeveloped, who are, as we say, uncivilized, but the languages they speak are not primitive. In all known languages we can see complexities that must have been tens of thousands of years in developing.
This has not always been well understood; indeed, the direct contrary has often been stated. Popular ideas of the language of the American Indians will illustrate. Many people have guessed that the Indians communicated in a very primitive system of noises. Study has proved this to be nonsense. There are, or were, hundreds of American Indian languages, and all of them turn out to be very complicated and very old. They are certainly different from the languages that most of us are familiar with, but they are no more primitive than English and Greek.
A third thing we know about language is that all languages are perfectly adequate. This means each one is a perfect means of expressing the culture of the people who speak the language.
Finally, we know that language changes. It’s natural and normal for language to change; the only languages which do not change are the dead ones. This is easy to understand if we look backward in time. Change goes on in all aspects of language. Grammatical features change as do speech sounds and changes in vocabulary are sometimes very extensive and may occur very rapidly. Vocabulary is the least stable part of any language.
59. In the 2nd paragraph the author thinks that________.
A.some backward races don’t have a language of their own
B.some races in history didn’t possess a language of their own
C.any human race, whether backward or not, has a language
D.some races on earth can communicate without a language
60. As the author says, people of underdeveloped cultures can have________languages.
A.complicated   B.uncivilized C.primitive   D.well­known
61. American Indian languages are mentioned to prove that they are________. fully developed as some well­known languages
B.more primitive than some well­known languages
C.more complex than some well­known languages
D.just as primitive as some well­known languages
62. According to the author, language changes are most likely to appear in________.
A.grammar   B.vocabulary C.intonation   D.pronunciation
59-62 CAAB