高考关于"where"从句详解
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 "where"是高考热点之一,命题中主要考查其在定语从句、名词从句和状语从句这三大从句中的使用。 

 
(1)Those successful deaf dancers think that dancing is an activity where sight matters more than hearing.
 
句中where是关系副词,引导定语从句,在从句中做状语;
 
(2)You are saying that everyone should be equal, and this is where I disagree.
 
句中where是连接副词,引导名词从句做表语,而本身在从句中做状语;
 
(3)If you are traveling where the customs are really foreign to your own, please do as the Romans do.
 
句中where是从属连词,引导状语从句。
 
在回答有关where的题目时,往往会遇到这样两个难点:
 
一、定语从句中,“感觉不到”的where。
 
一提到where,我们往往都借其词义,想到“哪里”,无论是在工厂,在学校,在街道等等,都看得见,摸得着,例如:
 
They will fly to Washington,  ____ they plan to stay for two or three days.
 
A. where B. there C. which D. when
 
答案A,这似乎是显而易见。“他们要飞往华盛顿,他们打算在那(华盛顿)待上两三天。”“在华盛顿”,使用where,有具体的地点。
 
不过再看一看下面的三个题目:
 
(1)Later in this chapter cases will be introduced to readers ____ consumer complaints have resulted in changes in the law.
 
A. where B. when C. who D. which
 
(2)After graduation she reached a point in her career ____ she needed to decide what to do.
 
A. that B. what C. which D. where
 
(3)My current job search is perhaps the only time in my life______I'm finding it's more helpful to be task-oriented rather than goal-oriented.
 
A. which B. what C. where D. that
 
答案ADC,全部都是where。但是,你肯定不像刚才的“飞往华盛顿”的那个题目,能一眼辨别出是选择where。
 
上面第(1)题,先行词是cases,关系副词where引导定语从句,where是“in the cases(在这些案例中)”的意思;
 
第(2)题,先行词是point,关系副词where引导定语从句,where是“on the point(在她职业中的那一点)”的意思;
 
第(3)题,先行词是time,关系副词where引导定语从句,where是“at the time(在那一时段)”的意思。
 
当然,我们还会碰到一些先行词,同样会用关系副词where引导定语从句,而让我们感觉不到“具体的哪”,这就需要同学们扩大听读,在具体的、鲜活的语言材料中不断体会,从而加以把握。
 
二、“内涵”不尽相同的三大从句里的where。
 
在学习中,很多同学容易犯的一个错误,就是不分定语从句、名词从句和状语从句where的不同内涵,把定语从句中介词+which所能等同的where,误认为适用名词从句和状语从句的where,把它们看成了一回事。例如:
 
A modern city has been set up in was a wasteland ten years ago.
 
A. what B. which C. that D. where
 
很多同学在回答这个问题时,都不假思索地选择了B. which,认为in which就是where,引导定语从句。但是全句在in which前没有先行词,因此不是定语从句。本题应当选择A。
 
那么, where在名词从句和状语从句中到底是什么样的内涵呢?
 
我们来看一看下面两个题目:
 
(1)Why not try your luck downtown, Bob? That's _______ the best jobs are.
 
A. where B.what C. when D. why
 
答案A。where作为连接副词,引导名词做表语,这里实际是“the place where”的意思。
 
(2)You’d better not leave the medicine _____ kids can get at it.
 
A. even if B. which C. where D. so that
 
答案C。where作为从属连词,引导状语从句,这里实际是“at the place where”的意思。
 
分清楚where在不同从句中的内涵,可以使我们在选择的时候,建立比较好的“语感”,从而帮助我们准确回答好题目。